Is the Pope into metacognition?

At that time, when I was doing my PhD in Cognitive Science, I studied the work of the Canadian thinker, Bernard Lonergan. In 1979, in the New York Public Library, I read his big book Insight: a study of human understanding (1957).

It’s actually a major work on metacognition and (although he doesn’t use the word which came later) his work precedes Edward de Bono, Daniel Dennett and that of many others in the field of cognitive science. Lonergan has been recognised as one of the greatest thinkers about thinking since Thomas Aquinas.

Aquinas connected the dots between Greek thinking and Roman thinking: thinking inside the square. Lonergan connected the dots between Greco-Roman thinking and Darwinian thinking: thinking outside the square. My next personal choice in this ‘thinkers about thinking’ series was a trio: McLuhan, George Gallup and Berners-Lee who connected the dots between individual thinking and crowd thinking: thinking in the cloud.

The quintessence of Father Lonergan’s work was to draw attention to an iterative and repetitious  cycle or spiral of what it takes to become a dynamic and virtuoso thinker. There are four mindsets to (what I would call) the Lonergan metacognition spiral. These are:

experience > understanding > judgement > decision.

Lonergan taught that these four (thinking hats?) are all self-conscious mindsets that the thinker uses in a deliberate (metacognitive) way and in an ascending spiral, round and round, again and again, over the many years, to gain virtuosity in one’s thinking skill.

SDNT = Start > Do > Notice > Think

Lonergan’s is a big book (doctis, Iuppiter, et laboriosis) and if we wish to compare it’s metacognition with contemporary SOT brain software and apps:

the Lonergan metacognition spiral is similar to using SDNT as an ongoing process and all the original six thinking caps over a decade of 10,000 hours of PRR (practise, repetition, rehearsal) to acquire the virtuosity and wisdom of the seventh Grey Hat.

Although I have not done justice to his theology at all I don’t think that such an explicit explanation of his metacognition theory dumbs his great work down.

Lonergan also influenced his fellow-Canadian Marshall McLuhan who after reading Lonergan’s book on human understanding wrote his own celebrated work Understanding Media: The Extension of Man (1964).

Now here’s the interesting bit.

The reason I recall his book and draw attention to his work today is because Bernard Lonergan was an eminent thinker and also a Jesuit priest. His work has influenced much of American philosophy and theology and it is very likely to have influenced the new Jesuit pope, Francis, who at the very least will be aware of his work and possibly even familiar with it. This opens up an exciting prospect for thinkers about thinking.

Could Pope Bergoglio be an intellectual supporter for the worldwide development of metacognition?


Who in their right mind would plant a pet tree?

Image result for children of the green earth

In 1981, at the United Nations in Manhattan, I was a co-founder with Rene Dubos and Richard St. Barbe Baker of the Children of the Green Earth Society.

The purpose of this initiative was to try to broaden the public awareness of the fundamental threat of deforestation to the green planet.

Our trees are our friends because they give us oxygen, so the idea we came up with was this: what if every human child could plant a friend or pet tree?

I still have my gift of the wooden tile we were presented with at the UN meeting as a memento of the occasion. Front with the proposed logo and back with the proposed name: Children of the Green Earth.

If you’d like to be considered for membership in the Children of the Green Earth Society click here and post the following information:

1. What is the name of your tree friend? What do you call your pet tree?

2. Where is your tree? What district or town is it in?

3. When did you last hug your tree? Or, visit your tree? Or, tend to your tree friend?

Every 21 March is the International Day of Forests.

The Man of The Trees

You can gauge a country’s wealth, its real wealth, by its tree cover“, was a favourite saying of Dr Richard St. Barbe-Baker OBE.

I met St.Barbe when he was in his 90s in Washington at a retreat. He made me organic wholemeal pancakes for breakfast and we soon became friends. He showed me how to hug a tree and pay attention to its hydraulic vibes. I wasn’t sure whether it was my kind of thing, at first, but then I grew to like it.

I soon adopted a tree just a few doors from my apartment in Gramercy Park, Manhattan. My first tree friend I called ‘Dagobert’ (above) and although I live in Melbourne now I always go to see Dagobert whenever I visit New York and clean up any trash inside his little fenced off area. It feels nice 🙂

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St. Barbe’s organization, the Men of the Trees, eventually grew to be known as the International Tree Foundation. Ultimately, there were chapters in over 100 countries.

By some estimates, organizations he founded or assisted have been responsible for planting at least 26 trillion trees, internationally.

The CFA has information on trees here …

What is the cognos?


(Boardroom Books, New York 1984)

by Michael Hewitt-Gleeson

Chapter Nine, Page 78

“… The cognos is the larger universe within which, at some point, exists the cosmos. Before something “pops” into existence in the cosmos, it exists in the cognos. We could say that the cognos is the “before” and the “cosmos” is the after.

“… Just as the cosmos is made out of atoms, electrons, quarks, etc., the cognos itself is made out of cogns (pronounced “cones”). A cogn is simply the smallest unit, or particle, that makes up the cognos. Cogns “pop” into existence in the cognos when we simply focus on them. When we think about an area of the cognos, it comes into existence as a result of our thinking about it. This is just like when we look at something in the cosmos, it comes into existence, to our attention, as a result of our looking at it. Look over your shoulder now and, by looking, whatever is there to be seen will pop into your attention.

Example: If I think about “socks made of glass” that idea has popped into existence in the cognos simply because I thought about it. The cogns that make up that part of the cognos which can be described as “glass socks” now exist simply because I thought about them. An object pops into existence in the cosmos as a result of it already existing in the cognos. Thus, if I want to think more about the idea of “glass socks”, I can examine it even more, focus on it to a greater depth, and eventually make a pair of “glass socks”. When I have done that, the glass socks not only exist in the cognos but also have popped into existence in the cosmos. Just as before America popped into existence in the cosmos, it first existed in the cognos through Columbus’ mind.

The cognos could be described as that larger universe, or meta-universe, within which exists the cosmos. How big is the cognos? Well, it’s hard to say, of course, but it’s certainly much, much bigger than the cosmos, which may only be a tiny corner of the cognos. Of what is the cognos made? The cognos is made of cogns which pop into existence when we think about them.”


DFQ: In cognitive physics the theory of the Cognos is not a theory of everything but a theory of anything. So, what is an important question that you would like to see explored in cognitive physics and by cognitive physicists? What is it about your question that makes it important?

Please add your contribution below …

The Cognos: A New Universe


(Boardroom Books, New York 1984)

by Michael Hewitt-Gleeson


Chapter Nine, Page 77


“Recently, in a television interview, the host asked me, “What is an important new area for scientific research?” I suggested the time may have come to define a new area for scientific theory and technical research, which I would call cognitive physics. Cognitive physicists would try to understand the nature of how humans try to understand. They would investigate how humans create the worlds in which they live; how humans create explanations for those things that they need explanations for; and what humans can do to improve on these methods.

“In addition, cognitive physicists would explore the cognos as quantum physicists now explore the cosmos: What is the cognos? What does the cognos do? Of what is the cognos constructed? How big is the cognos? And much more.”

6 Billion Thinking Hats!

In the past few weeks I’ve been conducting INNOVATION masterclasses for manufacturing CEOs sponsored by the University of Ballarat and for municipal CEOs and executives in Sydney sponsored by Citywide.

Two things still surprise me: how genuinely interested and enthusiastic are the audiences and yet how little they have actually been taught about the subject.

In 1983, School of Thinking originated the idea of Six Thinking Hats to show that there is more than one way of thinking besides Greco-Roman logic. Today, after 33 years of teaching thinking and training teachers of thinking around the world, it is plain to me that there is a vast, virtually unlimited, number of ways of thinking ( for example, see this Wikipedia list).

There are not just 6 thinking hats, nor 60 thinking hats nor even 600 thinking hats, there are in fact many, many more … way more than 6 billion thinking hats on Planet Earth!

The key is to diversify your thinking. To get you started, here are over 100 THINKTIPS reprinted from my book THE X10 MEMEPLEX: Multiply Your Business By Ten! (Prentice Hall 2000). Click here if you would like to download a free ebook version of The XIO Memeplex: Multiply Your Business By Ten!

ESCAPE: How can I escape?
“Help! I’m trapped. How can I escape?” This is the cry of the thinker. Why? Because THE most difficult feat of thinking is to escape from your point-of-view. All of us are trapped in the special world we create for ourselves in our brain, our own unique viewpoint, our CVS. Your world and my world are different. You are trapped in your CVS as surely as I am trapped in my CVS.

— For the other 99 THINKTIPS click through to here …